The Different Types of Criminal Defenses


As a New Jersey Criminal Defense Attorney, I am often asked about the different types of criminal defenses that may be available to a defendant. This blog post will discuss the various types of criminal defenses and provide an overview of each one. We will cover topics such as self-defense, insanity defense, duress, entrapment, alibi, and more. Knowing what options you have is the key to creating the best defense strategy possible. To learn more about criminal defenses, read on.

Affirmative defenses

There are many affirmative defenses to criminal charges, including self-defense, insanity, and entrapment. These are typically used when the defendant admits to the criminal act, but claims that it was not wrongful due to some mitigating circumstances. Each defense carries its own specific criteria and must be proven by the defendant in order to be successful.

Diminished responsibility

Diminished responsibility is a type of criminal defense that may be used in certain cases. It can be used to argue that the accused was not fully responsible for their actions due to a mental disorder or defect at the time the crime was committed. This defense is not recognized in all jurisdictions, so it is important to understand the laws in your area.


Entrapment is a criminal defense that asserts that the accused was induced by law enforcement to commit a crime he or she would not have otherwise committed. It is an important defense in criminal cases and can lead to a case dismissal.


Insanity defenses are used in criminal proceedings to demonstrate that a defendant was unable to differentiate right from wrong at the time of their actions. This type of defense is often complicated and requires a significant amount of evidence to be successful. If a court finds a defendant not guilty by reason of insanity, they may be confined to a mental health facility until they are deemed fit for release.


In conclusion,  criminal defense lawyers must ensure that their clients receive a fair trial and the best possible outcome. Every criminal defense attorney is expected to understand the various legal strategies that can be used in order to protect their client. Criminal defense attorneys must be knowledgeable in the fields of law, investigation, evidence, and trials in order to ensure that their client is given every chance at justice. Ultimately, each case is different and a criminal defense attorney will do their best to provide the best defense possible for their client.

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